A lobby group representing South African banks has urged President Cyril Ramaphosa to prioritise the country’s wider interests rather than securing votes for the ANC if he is to boost confidence in the economy before elections in May.
Ramaphosa’s plan to split troubled power utility Eskom into three separate parts has met resistance from the country’s largest labour federation, which has been in an alliance with the ANC and the Communist Party since winning the nation’s first multi-racial elections in 1994. While his administration has replaced boards and top executives at state-owned companies, including Eskom, it hasn’t embraced the job cuts needed to bring costs down or the privatisation of state assets.
“It’s crazy in this day and age we still can’t say privatisation, but some sort of private-equity stake has got to be there,” said Banking Association of South Africa MD Cas Coovadia. “That brings in money, it reduces the state’s burden, brings in more accountability, expertise.”
This week’s rolling blackouts have driven home just how much damage years of mismanagement, corruption and a lack of maintenance have done to the 96-year-old utility. Saddled with debt equivalent to about 8% of South Africa’s GDP, Eskom isn’t able to produce enough electricity to meet demand or fund its operations, while South African Airways is surviving off government guarantees and the national broadcaster is struggling to pay its staff.
“Unless there is some serious restructuring of these organisations, it would be quite irresponsible for banks to lend,” Coovadia said. “It’s not that banks don’t want to lend, it’s that banks have certain criteria.”
The election in three months will be the first since the ANC forced Jacob Zuma to quit as president after a scandal-marred tenure that spanned almost nine years and saw its support decline. Ramaphosa said in parliament on Thursday that he will meet with Cosatu over the government’s plans with Eskom.
‘Above the fray’
The president needs to rise “above the fray” and take “decisions in the national interests of the country and not the ANC”, Coovadia said. “Ramaphosa is probably the most pragmatic leader we’ve got at the moment, who understands the issues” and a big win in the elections will give him a mandate from voters to push harder in acting on the challenges facing the country, he said.
Ramaphosa, 66, is seeking to attract foreign investors put off by past policy flip-flops, and has managed to secure at least R300-billion of his target to raise US$100-billion (R1.4-trillion) in investments over five years. He has announced measures to rebuild institutions like the National Directorate of Public Prosecutions and set in motion several commissions of inquiry into graft.
Eskom said it will probably end rolling blackouts on Friday after it repaired some power plants and replenished diesel and water supplies at others. Still, the company said any further unexpected breakdowns could see a resumption of power rationing.
While plans to split the company into generation, distribution and transmission businesses under a state holding company are a step in the right direction, “the critical issue is we need quick movement on implementation”, Coovadia said. While South Africa has seen some fruits from Ramaphosa’s efforts, “we need to take the hard decisions to grow that economy”. — Reported by Roxanne Henderson and Loni Prinsloo, (c) 2019 Bloomberg LP