President Cyril Ramaphosa reached out to labour unions that oppose his plans to break up the state power utility on Thursday, reassuring them that the move is aimed at rescuing the embattled company rather than preparing it for privatisation and mass firings.
Eskom has amassed R419-billion of debt following years of mismanagement, isn’t producing enough power to meet demand or cover its costs and has had to institute rolling blackouts for the past five days. Ramaphosa last week announced that the utility would be split into generation, transmission and distribution units under a state holding company.
“Restructuring is not a path to privatisation,” Ramaphosa, who described the outages as a “hugely damaging reality check”, told lawmakers in Cape Town on Thursday. “The reference to cost cutting must be understood not to mean retrenchments.”
The energy crunch, which has shut businesses and caused traffic snarl-ups, comes at a terrible time for Ramaphosa and the ANC. With elections in just three months, he is under pressure to revive a flagging economy and tackle a 27% unemployment rate.
The country’s largest labour federation, an ANC ally with 1.6 million members, led a strike on Wednesday against job losses, and has warned of more protests if Eskom tries to fire workers.
“We accept, as government, that we have not done enough to bring some of the key stakeholders, such as labour, on board and are determined to correct this,” Ramaphosa said. “We understand the fears of workers about job losses at Eskom and in associated industries. We understand the concerns of lenders, investors and business owners.”
The president set up a new cabinet committee focusing on reviving Eskom that will report back to him on a daily basis, and said the utility would improve the maintenance of its plants, which are now on average 37 years old. The government would also make “a significant commitment” toward helping the utility stabilise its finances in next week’s national budget, he said.
Eskom, which produces more than 90% of the power in South Africa, on Thursday reduced the amount of electricity it removed from the grid, cutting 2GW.
“There is a no single solution to the problems at Eskom — neither restructuring, nor refinancing, nor cost cutting, nor tariff increases, nor better plant maintenance on their own will have the necessary effect,” Ramaphosa said. “We need to pursue all of these measures and more, simultaneously, in a coordinated manner, and with purpose, to turn the utility around.” — Reported by Paul Vecchiatto and Mike Cohen, with assistance from Vernon Wessels and Felix Njini, (c) 2019 Bloomberg LP