Virgin Galactic founder Richard Branson has said his spaceship has just a few more test flights before he jumps on board for the first tourist trip.
The British billionaire celebrated his 69th birthday at Nasa’s Kennedy Space Centre during 50th anniversary festivities for humanity’s first moon landing.
His guests were 100 other aspiring astronauts who have put down deposits to launch into space with Virgin Galactic.
Like Branson, many in the crowd were inspired to fly into space by Apollo 11, which he called “the most audacious journey of all time”.
He said three or four test flights will be conducted from New Mexico, beginning this northern hemisphere autumn, before engineers allow him to fly.
The two suborbital test flights to date — conducted in December and February over California’s Mojave Desert — provided several minutes of weightlessness. He declined to say when his flight might happen.
“My track record for giving dates has been so abysmal that I’m not giving dates any more. But I think months, not years,” he told The Associated Press.
The company is in the process of moving from Southern California to Spaceport America in the New Mexico desert near Truth or Consequences, which has set everything back four months, according to Branson. The test pilots need to practice landing there, he said, before passengers tag along.
‘Brave test pilots’
“I certainly won’t go into space before brave test pilots feel 100% comfortable that we’ve checked every box,” he said. In 2014, the company’s experimental space plane broke apart during a California test flight, killing the co-pilot.
The winged spaceship is dropped in flight from a custom-designed plane. Once free, it fires its rocket motor to hurtle toward space before gliding back to Earth like Nasa’s old space shuttles.
The latest test flight by VSS Unity reached an altitude of 90km while travelling at three times the speed of sound.
About 600 people, ranging from their teens to their early 90s, have reserved a seat, according to a company spokeswoman. Tickets are US$250 000 (about R3.5-million).
Maryann Barry bought a ticket less than a month ago. She grew up near Cape Canaveral during the 1960s, and her late brother worked on Nasa’s Saturn V moon rockets. “This is my life coming full circle actually,” said Barry, 58, who works for the Girl Scouts in Orlando.
When asked if she will be afraid, Houston violinist Debbie Moran, 62, said she is trying to do everything she is ever wanted to do in life before her spaceflight in another few years. “We all know it’s not the safest thing in the world,” she said. “I still have not told my mother.”
Branson said he did not remember his 19th birthday in London on 18 July 1969. But Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin’s moon landing on 20 July 1969 was forever etched in his memory.“Everybody is fearful. But the point is you have to overcome the fear to get the excitement,” said Arvinder Bahal, 73, a real estate investor from Boston.
Watching those first lunar footsteps on a little black and white TV, with his sisters and parents in the English countryside, was a turning point for him. He said it is why Virgin Galactic exists today.
He lifted a glass of Tang — the powdered orange drink made famous on America’s pioneering spaceflights — as he made “a toast to space past, space present and, even more important for us all in this room, space future”.