The SA Reserve Bank has cut the repo rate by 50 basis points to 5%, governor Gill Marcus said on Thursday. The prime rate would decline to 8,5%.
“While it is recognised that such a move on its own will not overcome the challenges facing the economy, it is felt that it can help alleviate some of the pressures faced by some sectors,” Marcus said in Pretoria.
The interest rate cut follows nine consecutive Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) meetings where the repo rate remained unchanged at 5,5%, after it was reduced by 650 basis points between mid-2008 and November 2010.
The Reserve Bank determines the interest rate based on its mandate to keep inflation within a target of between 3% and 6%.
Year-on-year consumer price inflation was 5,5% for June, while producer price inflation was 6,6% in May.
Marcus said domestic inflation was expected to remain within its target range until 2014.
“Inflation is expected to average 5,6% in 2012, and 5,1% in both 2013 and 2014.”
Since the previous MPC meeting in May, the global economy was showing more signs of a generalised slowdown.
Marcus said there had been no meaningful progress in resolving the euro zone crisis, the US economic outlook had deteriorated, and emerging markets including China, India and Brazil, were feeling the spill-over effects.
SA’s economic growth was under threat by these global developments and deteriorating domestic business and consumer confidence. “The negative spill-over effects to SA are likely to intensify.”
The Reserve Bank had revised SA’s economic growth forecast of 2,9% for 2012 down to 2,7%, and predicted growth of 3,8% in 2013. Globally, rising inflation was not seen as an immediate threat. “Global inflation continues to be benign given the slowing growth prospects and lower commodity prices. One area of risk to the inflation outlook emanates from the higher grain prices in response to the continuing drought in the US,” Marcus said.
However, the local inflation environment had improved somewhat. Any risks of rising inflation from increasing food and energy prices could be offset to some extent by lower global commodity prices.
If the economy was to show a sustained increase in output, it would need a concerted and co-ordinated effort from both government and the private sector, Marcus said.
Since mid-2008, the interest rate had been at its lowest level in 30 years. — Sapa
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