Samsung Electronics is talking with foundry clients about charging as much as 20% more for making semiconductors this year, joining an industry-wide push to hike prices to cover rising costs of materials and logistics.
Contract-based chip prices are likely to rise around 15-20%, depending upon the level of sophistication, according to people familiar with the matter, who asked not to be identified due to the sensitivity of the issue. Chips produced on legacy nodes would face bigger price hikes, they said. New pricing would be applied from the second half of this year, and Samsung has finished negotiating with some clients, while it is still in discussions with others, the people said.
Samsung’s decision is a shift from its relatively stable pricing policy last year, when the industry rushed to raise prices in the wake of a global chip shortage. The company is facing multiple macro risks such as the war in Ukraine, lockdown measures in China, rising interest rates and inflation. That’s throwing a wrench into business plans typically made a few years in advance.
A Samsung spokesman declined to comment.
The move translates into additional pressure on makers of smartphones, cars and game consoles to lift the prices consumers pay. Samsung and Taiwan’s TSMC account for more than two-thirds of global capacity for outsourced chips.
Manufacturing costs for chip makers are now rising at about 20-30% on average on all fronts, from chemicals, gas and wafers to equipment and construction materials.
Contract chip manufacturers including TSMC and United Microelectronics are warning clients that they plan to raise prices by a mid-to-high single digit percent, on the heels of a price hike several months ago. The industry leader TSMC has told clients that it plans to raise prices by about 5-8% from 2023, following a 20% price hike last year, according to the Nikkei. UMC is also planning another round of 4% price hikes in the second quarter. ASML — a key supplier to Samsung and TSMC — warned last month of rising pressure on labour costs, in addition to higher material costs and transportation costs.
The shortage forces customers to prioritise the ability to procure and secure the chips they need over prices. Semiconductor makers have been trying to improve profitability, partly by shifting more weight to high-end chips, said Masahiro Wakasugi, Bloomberg Intelligence analyst.
“This is an inevitable move for Samsung,” with costs rising on everything from power and equipment to materials and freight, Wakasugi said. “Some customers may accept higher prices if they can get chips earlier than others,” he said.
Samsung is the world’s biggest memory chip maker, but it is catching up to TSMC in order-based chip manufacturing. Consumer PC and smartphone demand is waning, but tech companies said during earnings calls they expected strong 5G-related enterprise demand for new servers with more capacity and requiring more chips. The industry expects overall foundry demand to exceed supply, which will remain tight for the next five years.
Samsung already is fielding orders for the next five years that together represent around eight times that of the previous year’s revenue, said Kang Moon-soo, executive vice president at Samsung’s foundry business, during a recent earnings call. “We expect our order book to continue to grow.”
South Korea’s biggest company spent more than US$36-billion on expanding its chip division in 2021, eclipsing rivals as it acquired cutting-edge gear such as extreme ultraviolet lithography machines. The company, which last year dethroned Intel to become the world’s biggest chip maker by revenue, has declared it wants to overtake TSMC and become the biggest player in the $400-billion foundry business of making chips for global corporations like Qualcomm and Nvidia.
Shares of the Korean tech giant have fallen recently amid a broader tech sell-off and partly due to investors’ concerns over the foundry business’ slower-than-expected improvement in production yields. Samsung has said the market’s concerns were “excessive”, and that it’s on track to improve the yield on 4-nanometre nodes. It’s planning to start mass production of 3nm-based chips within this quarter, it said. — (c) 2022 Bloomberg LP