A Chinese spacecraft has made the first-ever landing on the far side of the moon in the latest achievement for the country’s growing space programme.
The relatively unexplored far side of the moon faces away from Earth and is also known as the dark side.
A photo taken by the lunar explorer Chang’e 4 at 11.40am China time (5.40am in South Africa) and published online by the official Xinhua News Agency shows a small crater and a barren surface that appears to be illuminated by a light from the probe.
Chang’e 4 had touched down on the surface just over an hour earlier at 10.26am, the China National Space Administration said.
The landing was announced by state broadcaster China Central Television at the top of its noon news broadcast.
The landing highlights China’s growing ambitions as a space power.
In 2013, Chang’e 3, the predecessor craft to the current mission, made the first moon landing since the then-Soviet Union’s Luna 24 in 1976. The US is the only other country that has carried out moon landings.
The work of Chang’e 4, which is carrying a rover, includes astronomical observations and probes to determine the structure and mineral composition of the terrain.
“The far side of the moon is a rare quiet place that is free from interference of radio signals from Earth,” mission spokesman Yu Guobin said, according to Xinhua.
‘Fill the gap’
“This probe can fill the gap of low-frequency observation in radio astronomy and will provide important information for studying the origin of stars and nebula evolution.”
In May, a relay satellite “Queqiao”, or “Magpie Bridge”, named after an ancient Chinese folk tale, was launched to provide communications support between Chang’e 4 and Earth.
A Long March 3B rocket carrying Chang’e 4 blasted off on 8 December from Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in southern China.
China plans to send its Chang’e 5 probe to the moon next year and have it return to Earth with samples — the first time that will have been done since 1976.
Chang’e is the name of a Chinese goddess who, according to legend, has lived on the moon for millennia.