Eskom keeps investors in the dark as debt speculation mounts - TechCentral

Eskom keeps investors in the dark as debt speculation mounts

As speculation swirls about plans to deal with Eskom’s crippling debt load, one group of stakeholders hasn’t been consulted: owners of the company’s R243-billion of bonds.

South Africa’s state-owned power utility is groaning under almost R500-billion of bond and loan debt, and isn’t selling enough electricity to cover its operating and borrowing costs. It’s already been given a three-year, R69-billion bailout by the government, but had to ask for emergency funding last month to remain solvent.

President Cyril Ramaphosa insists that Eskom is “too big to fail”, but with the nation’s finances stretched to the limit and its last investment-grade credit rating hanging by a thread, the government has limited scope to continue bailing the company out. Vague plans for operational restructuring have been announced, but national treasury said it can’t give details until Ramaphosa appoints a new cabinet, scheduled for next week.

Eskom is in “ongoing conversations” with lenders, its media desk said in a statement.

“We haven’t had any interactions with the company outside of the stock exchange news service statements and newspaper reports,” said Olga Constantatos, a credit analyst at Cape Town-based Futuregrowth Asset Management, which oversees R185-billion including Eskom bonds. “There have been no details about what would happen to current funding and a restructure. But there are multiple decisions at multiple levels that need to be made. It’s getting quite urgent now, there’s too much debt.”

Eskom’s bond yields suggest investors are confident — for now — that the company will be able to meet repayments in the short term, with or without government help. Yields on dollar securities due in 2021 have dropped 62 basis points to 5.87% since 14 May when Ramaphosa said that Eskom wouldn’t be allowed to go under, and are now at the lowest since February.

‘Ongoing conversations’

“We are in ongoing conversations with our lenders and we have updated the market on liquidity and our borrowing plan. Questions regarding plans on the turnaround should be directed to the shareholder representative.”

While Business Day reported on Monday that South Africa is considering the creation of a special-purpose vehicle to take over a large portion of Eskom’s debt, finance minister Tito Mboweni said he wasn’t aware of such a plan. The utility should first collect R17-billion of debt arrears from municipalities, he said in an interview.

Other analysts have speculated that the government may swap some of Eskom’s debt for sovereign bonds, an option mooted by CEO Phakamani Hadebe in February. Moody’s Investors Service, the only rating company still to assess South Africa’s credit at investment grade, already counts Eskom’s government-guaranteed liabilities — about 70% of the bonds — as government debt.

But all that is on hold until Ramaphosa’s new executive is in place.

“There is nothing official,” said Pavel Mamai, founding partner at London-based hedge fund Promeritum Investment Management. “Nobody from the government or Eskom has contacted any of the investors. Nothing can be on the table before the new government forms, they have different priorities now.”

A debt swap would make sense, because the state pays lower rates than Eskom, said Mamai. The company’s credit rating at Moody’s is seven levels below the sovereign’s at B3. But speculation of a such a move sent government yields higher last week as investors fretted about the potential increase in borrowing.

So far, investors have given Ramaphosa — who is set to be sworn in on Wednesday for his first full five-year term as president — the benefit of the doubt. But unless he comes up with a credible plan soon to fix what Goldman Sachs Group has described as the single biggest threat to South Africa’s economy, that indulgence won’t last.

“Eskom is a big worry; they need to get Eskom right and quickly,” said Constantatos at Futuregrowth. “I would like to see some milestones. What can we expect and when. How do we know if they are being achieved. There’s a lot we don’t know. Eskom is of such importance, more frequent communication would be quite useful.”  — Reported by Colleen Goko and Selcuk Gokoluk, with assistance from Paul Burkhardt and Mike Cohen, (c) 2019 Bloomberg LP

Comments are closed.

© 2009 – 2019 NewsCentral Media