Time to unbundle the local loop - TechCentral

Time to unbundle the local loop

Duncan McLeod

[By Duncan McLeod] SA consumers got their first taste of a broadband price war last week when a small Internet service provider, Afrihost, slashed the price of bandwidth to below cost. It’s a promising start, but matters little until Telkom is forced to open its network to rivals.

It was a ballsy move. Last week, Afrihost cut the cost of fixed-line bandwidth on broadband digital subscriber lines to just R29/GB. To put that in perspective, the average selling price for this type of bandwidth has, until now, been R50-R70/GB.

Afrihost, a so-called “second-tier” service provider, resells bandwidth it buys wholesale from Dimension Data division Internet Solutions (IS). CEO Gian Visser admits the company is selling it at a loss.

But he says Afrihost’s move makes commercial sense. The company took the money it had planned to spend on advertising its digital subscriber line products, and instead used it to discount the price of bandwidth. The PR spin-offs and the new clients it has won far outweigh any advantages Afrihost would have gained from an advertising campaign, Visser says.

Though Afrihost’s discounts probably won’t last past this week, the company has promised that its existing subscribers will continue to enjoy the discounted R29/GB rate indefinitely.

Other industry executives don’t think the price of retail bandwidth will fall below R50/GB sustainably for some time. Seacom, the new undersea cable along Africa’s east coast, has not yet had much of an impact in the market. And some industry players don’t think prices will start to come down significantly until two new submarine cable projects — one along Africa’s west coast and another in the east — come on stream in 2011.

There are a number of other factors that are keeping broadband prices high. One is the cost of national backhaul — the price of carrying data between, say, Johannesburg and Cape Town. National bandwidth prices should start to fall in the next couple of years as new fibre systems are laid that will provide alternatives to Telkom.

But perhaps the biggest impediment to lower broadband prices is the fixed-line local loop, the so-called “last mile” of copper cables into homes and businesses. Telkom controls the local loop. Until other service providers have access to the fixed-line operator’s telephone exchanges to provide services directly to consumers over that copper infrastructure, broadband prices will remain higher than they should be.

Unfortunately, little seems to be happening in unbundling the local loop. Former communications minister Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri set a deadline of November 2011 for a full unbundling. But, other than a report published in 2007, little seems to have happened.

The largest and growing costs associated with fixed-line broadband are the line rentals charged by Telkom. Local-loop unbundling should go a long way to help drive down prices, provided the process is handled correctly by the regulator, the Independent Communications Authority of SA (Icasa).

Unbundling is critical to fostering competition. But it must be done properly to ensure that Telkom isn’t able to abuse its position. Like incumbent operators elsewhere in the world that were forced to open up the local loop, Telkom is likely to do everything it can to frustrate rivals from providing services over its last-mile infrastructure.

What’s needed is a strong regulator that is able to manage the process effectively and tackle Telkom head-on over anticompetitive abuses. Fortunately for Telkom — and unfortunately for the rest of us — Icasa is a fundamentally weak regulator and expecting it to do its job may be expecting too much.

  • This column is also published in the Financial Mail


  1. Who’s going to pay for the wholesale prices, if Telkom is forced to LLU? We have not been in a monopoly situation for a long time, but every small operator wants to cry to ICASA, yet make no effort to work hard at getting their own infrastructure.

  2. William Stucke on

    Nothing at all – apart from paying somewhere between R300,000 and R1,000,000 per km. Do you have the money to build YOUR connection? Of course, you could rent it from DFA for R7,000 / km / month, plus R20,000 connection charge plus the cost of the kit to light the fibre. Trivial, really.

    RIght. We have not been in a monopoly situation for 8 1/2 months (for ECS and ECNS licences). Is that a “long time”? Many small operators are working very hard indeed at building their own infrastructure. With spectrum allocation in the mess it is, relying only on fibre means an investment of many _Billions_. It takes a while to get that kind of dosh together.

  3. fire the comms minister(again) icasa is useless… i’ll say it again… you’re useless. until they stop getting bribed by telkom to do nothing…. nothing will change

  4. @William Stucke

    what are you trying to say about this subject?

    ANC should sell their shares in Telkom(they privatised telkom and then sold it to themselves.. how corrupt is that)

    The ANC can also leave the appointment of ICASA’s board of directors to somebody else.

    My 2c